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General Information on Armenia



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General Information on Armenia

Armenia has a millennia-old history of education and culture.

  • In 301, Christianity was declared the state religion
  • At the beginning of the Fifth Century in 405-406 AD, Mesrop Mashtots created the Armenian alphabet.
  • From the Sixth to the Fourteenth Centuries there was tremendous scholarly activity at numerous centres of higher education.
  • With the fall of Armenian statehood in the second half of the 13th Century, Armenian cultural life continued to develop abroad in India, Italy, France, Russia, Georgia and other countries.

Among the medieval Armenian centers of learning, especially noteworthy were the Universities of Gladzor and Tatev which operated in the 13th and 14th Centuries. Contemporary thinkers referred to them as the "Second Athens" and the "Capital of Wisdom."

The State University of Armenia (subsequently renamed Yerevan State University) was founded in 1919. Some of the University departments soon after creation separated into independent establishments: State Engineering University of Armenia, Yerevan State Medical University after Mkhitar Heratsi and Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhI). The University and these institutions produce hundreds of graduates, and post-graduate scientists and engineers each year.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the large number of existing and newly graduated specialists have gained much more freedom to collaborate and partner internationally in various advanced science and technology centres, however they also have significantly fewer resources that could enable them to actually contact such centres and offer their expertise for partnerships.

For more information on Armenia you are welcome to following Web Sites:

or more generally

Armenian cooking is based on lamb, either grilled and served as shashlik with flat bread, or prepared as soup (bozbash) or stew. Armenian brandies are excellent. Restaurants and nightclubs are increasing in number, especially in Yerevan. Opera, theatre and ballet performances are cheap and of a high standard.

Content by Elisa Shahbazian and Pierre Valin
Form by
Alana Mark

Last updated 30 June 2003