Data Fusion for Situation Monitoring, Incident Detection, Alert and Response Management

Motivation for this ASI

ASI Location

ASI Topics

Call for Papers

General Information on Armenia



Tentative program

Visa information

Motivation for this NATO ASI

This ASI "Data Fusion for Situation Monitoring, Incident Detection, Alert and Response Management" will mainly focus, as its name describes, on applying Data/Information Fusion for Security-Related Civil Science and Technology (SST) applications.

Data Fusion is a relatively young (less than 20 years) technology domain. It provides techniques and methods for:

  1. integrating information from multiple sources and using the complementarity of these detections to derive maximum information about the phenomenon being observed;
  2. analyzing and deriving the meaning of these observations;
  3. selecting the best course of action; and
  4. controlling the actions.

Data Fusion can be used in applications covering all areas of SST, i.e.

  • security and remediation of the environment in connection with all types of military activity;
  • security-related nuclear, chemical and biological science and technology; and
  • technologies for detection, verification, disarmament and conversion.

Data Fusion will enhance the ability for monitoring the environment for any anomalies to detect Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) contamination, such as would be the case in Irak, in the prevention of war through the enforcement of NATO resolution 1441.
Various sensors have been designed to detect some specific phenomena, but not others. Data Fusion applications can combine synergically information from many sensors, including data provided by satellites (or reconnaissance aircraft), and contextual and encyclopaedic knowledge providing enhanced ability to detect and recognize anomalies in the environment, compared to conventional means.

Similarly Data Fusion technology can be applied to fuse remote sensing, geopolitical, intelligence, etc. data for detection and verification of disarmament and conversion. It can then be applied to provide decision support for response management.

One of the most critical actions of the remediation of the environment is the cleanup or removal of Ordnance and Explosives (OE)/Unexploded ordnance (UXO) from the environment after peace is established. There are numerous examples of how fusion of information from multiple sensors/sources increases the probability of detection and classification of UXOs.

At the present time very few Universities (mostly in United States) offer graduate studies in Data Fusion, and no undergraduate training is available. While there are research centres in both NATO and Cooperation Partner (CP) countries involved in research in the various disciplines used in Data Fusion, research in applications of these technologies are significantly more advanced in NATO countries. Hence the need to bring together leading researchers from NATO and CP countries in this domain to develop an understanding for use of techniques and methods of Data Fusion specifically for Security applications. This will be achieved though this NATO ASI.


Content by Elisa Shahbazian and Pierre Valin
Form by
Alana Mark

Last updated 30 June 2003